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Most Commonly Prescribed Dementia Medications

Dementia is a condition that causes deterioration in brain function. Alzheimer’s disease is the most prevalent form of dementia all over the world. Below is a list of some of the most common prescription drugs that Boca Raton dementia caregivers can remind their loved ones to take to manage their illness.


Originally developed in Russia in the mid 1950s, galantamine has been approved by the FDA to treat dementia in U.S. citizens. This medication can increase the concentration of acetylcholine in the brain. Scientists have confirmed that acetylcholine is an important neurotransmitter that plays a key role in memory function. In conjunction with Boca Raton Alzheimer’s home care, galantamine can delay the onset of dementia symptoms.


Just like galantamine, donepezil is a drug that can also maintain the appropriate levels of acetylcholine in the brain. Donepezil is typically prescribed to senior citizens who are in the early stages of dementia. This medication is particularly effective at reducing the symptoms that come with vascular dementia and Lewy body dementia.


Elderly people with dementia are very likely to become depressed. Therefore, antidepressants are prescribed to these individuals in order to treat the emotional side effects of memory loss. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most common types of antidepressants on the market. Citalopram, escitalopram and fluoxetine are generic names of SSRIs that are suitable for seniors who have dementia and depression.


Agitation and aggression are common side effects of moderate to severe dementia. Seniors who do not behave themselves properly might be prescribed benzodiazepines, which are potent psychoactive drugs. Lorazepam and alprazolam are very effective at calming down elderly people who become aggressive and erratic in their behaviors due to dementia. When properly taken, each dose of such medication delivers a tranquilizing effect that can last for a few hours. Benzodiazepines are sometimes used to treat insomnia and restlessness, which are some potential symptoms of dementia.

In addition to medications, seniors with dementia also benefit from home care Boca Raton families can trust. Home Care Assistance of Boca Raton, FL, provides flexible live-in and hourly dementia care to boost physical, mental and emotional wellbeing. Contact a reliable Care Manager at (561) 826.9282 today for more information.